136 additives, mostly chemicals, are allowed to be added in instant noodles by Codex, the food standards of WHO/FAO. The picture below shows some of those ingredients.
Out of the 136 additives, 24 of them are sodium salts, besides table salt which is also added. That is why instant noodles contain extremely high sodium content. According to CAP tests, just one packet of instant noodles alone can contain about the maximum allowable daily intake of 2,400 mg of sodium. Tests in Hong Kong found sodium levels as high as 5,800 mg per 100 gm of instant noodles (each packet is about 80 gm).
In 2004 Malaysians consumed 870 million packets of instant noodles but by 2008 it had increased to more than 1,210 million packets. This is an increase of nearly 40 percent during the period of 4 years.
According to the Second National Health and Morbidity survey it is estimated that 3.4 million Malaysians are diabetes sufferers in 2010.